Electronic Imaging Conferenece 2007 - J. Kleinmann · D. Wüller
Since the signal to noise measuring method as standardized in the normative part of ISO 15739:2002(E)1 does not quantify noise in a way that matches the perception of the human eye, two alternative methods have been investigated which may be appropriate to quantify the noise perception in a physiological manner: - the model of visual noise measurement proposed by Hung et al2 (as described in the informative annex of ISO 15739:20021) which tries to simulate the process of human vision by using the opponent space and contrast sensitivity functions and uses the CIEL*u*v*1976 colour space for the determination of a so called visual noise value.
The S-CIELab model and CIEDE2000 colour difference proposed by Fairchild et al3 which simulates human vision approximately the same way as Hung et al2 but uses an image comparison afterwards based on CIEDE2000. With a psychophysical experiment based on just noticeable difference (JND), threshold images could be defined, with which the two approaches mentioned above were tested. The assumption is that if the method is valid, the different threshold images should get the same ‘noise value’.
The visual noise measurement model results in similar visual noise values for all the threshold images. The method is reliable to quantify at least the JND for noise in uniform areas of digital images. While the visual noise measurement model can only evaluate uniform colour patches in images, the S-CIELab model can be used on images with spatial content as well.
The S-CIELab model also results in similar colour difference values for the set of threshold images, but with some limitations: for images which contain spatial structures besides the noise, the colour difference varies depending on the contrast of the spatial content.